Proper soil nutrients are required for forage plants to maximize growth. Data indicates our forage plants use 20+ elements to live and grow. All are equally important for growth, but vary greatly in amounts needed. Of these, nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium are usually required in the largest amounts followed by calcium, magnesium, and sulfur. These […]
Frequent rain has delayed first cutting hay harvest this spring. Unfortunately, delayed hay harvest has a direct negative impact on the value of forages. So how did the forage change?
here are several ways to supplement and extend the existing hay for the winter season.
How many goats can I stock per acre of pasture? I’ve increased my pasture rotation to 30 days, how much will this reduce the parasite problem with my sheep? These are a couple of questions that I have been asked recently and each can be used to illustrate some basic differences in pasture management with […]
Grazing management has certainly been an interesting challenge this year. Who would have dreamed during last year’s dry weather that nearly everyone reading this article would see record-breaking or near record-breaking rainfall in April this year? Avoid destruction Many operators have found that by rotating faster than usual that they have been able to utilize […]
With the 2011 grazing season underway I imagine everyone is moving livestock to new paddocks on a regular basis by now. It has been extremely wet in our area so it’s been a challenge to rotate livestock to areas where grass is growing without pugging soils and damaging the sod base in those paddocks. Suggestions […]
The start of the growing season is a good time to reflect on the characteristics of successful graziers.
We are at my favorite time of the year. Grass is starting to grow. Depending how far south you live, some have already started to graze pastures. On my farm, the spring calving cows have been on stockpiled fescue for about three weeks on high ground, avoiding most of the mud, but this weekend I […]
Grazing cows produce milk with more favorable characteristics from a human health perspective than do cows on silage or high concentrate diets. That is the message that Dr. Anjo Elgersma shared with a group of dairy producers from the Ohio Forage and Grasslands Council and in Wisconsin in late October last year.
The most effective use of pastures does not just happen. Foresight and planning are necessary. At the end of January, I taught a session about evaluating hay quality and use of hay in beef cattle rations at a Hocking County beef school. Farmers had submitted samples of their hay, mostly first cutting, for lab quality […]
Extending the grazing season, maximizing forage utilization and reducing the need for winter hay feeding can improve farm profitability of any ruminant animal production system.
We often talk about forage quality factors such as percent protein and amount of total digestible nutrients when we look at how good a forage is for a particular group of livestock and if it meets their nutritional needs. Seldom however, are vitamins and minerals in a forage for beef cows even mentioned in the […]
For me, December has always been a time of reflection. It is the end of the year and I take time to look over my records to see what went well, what flopped and what I still need to work on. One set of records I have access to are the pasture measurements from the […]
Livestock grazing management strategies can be used to protect those good sod base paddocks.
The month of December is a great time to plan. We have the opportunity to make changes to the 2010 year and plan for 2011. When I think of 2010, two things come to mind for me. First, what worked and what went wrong? Next, is there anything that can be done to improve the […]
In our Pasture For Profit grazing schools we talk about pasture management in terms of keeping pasture plants actively growing and matching livestock nutrient needs to plant growth stage. But now its winter and the plants aren’t growing, so what does winter pasture management entail? I want graziers to think about winter pasture management in […]
Testing the nutrient value of forage is a valuable tool that can be utilized to balance livestock rations. Guessing the nutrient content of a major feed ingredient such as hay or silage can be costly to livestock producers.
With summer grazing giving way for fall and winter management over the next few weeks, it is time to take inventory of the forage available for your livestock. Along with the forage, the ability to access clean water is more important than usual this year. Available forage includes the grasses and legumes currently in your […]
As a little boy on our farm in Morgan County, I could identify orchardgrass, bromegrass, alfalfa and clover, but never heard of fescue. Then fescue moved in. I’m sure it was a combination of things. It was probably the spreading of fescue from reclamation projects and the fertility of the farm going down when it […]
What kind of grades would you get for managing your grazing system if there were report cards for graziers? Would you be satisfied with “D’s”? At a recent Athens Area grazing council meeting, host Curt Cline talked about a grazier’s report card. According to Curt, D’s are what graziers should strive for in grading their […]