Here’s the scoop on ingredient substitutions

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flour, eggs, milk and sugar

Ever been in the kitchen, ready to whip up a dessert, side dish or casserole, only to find that you don’t have enough of an ingredient or are missing one or more of the ingredients? Thankfully, there are substitutions for numerous common ingredients, from allspice to tomato soup.

Although your final product might end up slightly differently than a recipe using all recommended ingredients, substitutions will still result in acceptable flavors, textures and appearances.

Here are 21 common ingredient substitutions:

IngredientAmountSubstitution
Allspice1 tsp½ tsp cinnamon and ½ teaspoon ground cloves
Baking Powder, Double-Acting1 tsp¼ tsp baking soda and ⅝ tsp cream of tartar
Baking sodaBaking soda cannot be substituted with any other ingredient
Butter1 cup1 cup regular margarine or 1 cup vegetable shortening (for baking); Use an equal amount of oil for melted butter in a baking recipe
Buttermilk1 cup1 tbsp lemon juice or vinegar added to milk to make 1 cup; let mixture stand for 5 minutes
Chocolate (unsweetened)1 oz.3 tbsp cocoa and 1 tbsp butter, margarine or vegetable oil
Cornstarch1 tbsp2 tbsp flour
Cream, whipping1 cup unwhipped2 cups already whipped product
Egg1 whole egg¼ cup egg substitute, or reconstituted powdered eggs, or 2 tbsp mayonnaise (for cake batter), or ½ tsp baking powder, 1 tbsp vinegar and 1 tbsp liquid (for baking)
Flour, all-purpose white1 cup½ cup whole wheat flour and ½ cup all-purpose flour
Flour, cake1 cup1 cup minus 2 tbsp all-purpose flour
Flour, self-rising1 cup1 cup minus 2 tbsp all-purpose flour plus 1 ½ tsp baking powder and ½ tsp salt
Herbs, fresh1 tbsp, finely cut1 tsp dried leaf herbs or ½ tsp ground dried herbs
Lemon zest1 tsp½ tsp lemon extract
Mayonnaise1 cup1 cup sour cream, 1 cup yogurt or 1 cup cottage cheese (pureed in blender); any of these ingredients can be used as part of the mayonnaise
Mustard, dry1 tsp1 tbsp prepared mustard
Pumpkin pie spice1 tsp½ tsp cinnamon, ¼ tsp ground ginger, ½ tsp ground allspice and ⅛ tsp ground nutmeg
Sugar, confectioners’ or powdered1 cup1 cup granulated sugar and 1 tbsp cornstarch; must be blended in a food processor until the consistency is powdery
Tomato juice1 cup½ cup tomato sauce and ½ cup water
Tomato soup10 ¾ oz. can1 cup tomato sauce and ¼ cup water
Red wineAny amountThe equivalent amount of grape or cranberry juice
White wineAny amountThe equivalent amount of apple or white grape juice

Source: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension of Lancaster County

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Katie Woods grew up in Columbiana, Ohio. Katie likes reading, writing, enjoying the outdoors and DIY projects.

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