National and local crop forecasts offer plenty of mixed news

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SALEM, Ohio – Based on conditions as of Aug. 1, Ohio’s average corn yield is forecast at 160 bushels per acre, up 17 bushels per acre from last years average state yield of 143 bushels per acre.
If realized, this will surpass the current state record yield of 158 bushels recorded in 2004.
Total production of 488 million bushels would be 5 percent more than was produced in 2005.
Corn growers expect to harvest 3.05 million acres for grain in 2006, 200,000 acres less than the previous year.
Pennsylvania corn for grain acreage for harvest, at 940,000, is down 20,000 acres from last year. Based on crop conditions as of Aug. 1, corn yield is forecast at 135 bushels per acre, which is 13 bushels per acre more than last year’s yield.
The corn for grain production of 126.9 million bushels is 8 percent more than last year.
Soybeans. Ohio soybean yield is forecast at 45 bushels per acre, identical to the 2005 average state yield. If realized, total state production of 197.1 million bushels would be down 2 percent from last year.
Harvested acreage is forecast at 4.38 million acres, down 100,000 from 2005.
Soybean acreage for harvest in Pennsylvania is set at 450,000, up 30,000 acres from last year. The expected yield of 42 bushels per acre is up 1 bushel from 2005.
Production is set at 18.9 million bushels, up 10 percent from last year.
Wheat. Winter wheat yields are estimated at 68 bushels per acre for Ohio, unchanged from the previous forecast but three bushels below the state’s 2005 yield.
Total production is estimated at 68.7 million bushels, 17 percent more than was produced in 2005.
Acreage for harvest is estimated at 1.01 million acres, up 180,000 acres from the previous year.
Winter wheat acres harvested in Pennsylvania totaled 150,000, which is 3 percent more than last year. The Aug. 1 winter wheat yield is forecast at 57 bushels per acre, up 6 bushels per acre from the July 1 forecast and up 3 bushels from the final yield for 2005.
The resulting winter wheat production of 8.55 million bushels would be 9 percent above last year.
Oats. Ohio’s oat yield is forecast at 68 bushels per acre, unchanged from the previous month’s forecast and eight bushels above the state’s 2005 average.
If realized, this would result in a total state production of 3.40 million bushels from an expected 50,000 harvested acres.
Pennsylvania oats acreage for harvest, at 110,000, is unchanged from last year. Based on crop conditions as of Aug. 1, the oat yield is forecast at 62 bushels per acre, which is up 2 bushels from the July 1 forecast and up 7 bushels from last year’s final yield.
The resulting oat production of 6.82 million bushels would be 13 percent above last year.
Hay. Alfalfa hay yields are forecast at 3.70 tons per acre, compared to last year’s average yield of 3.60 tons.
If realized, this would result in a total state production of 1.74 million tons, down 5 percent from last year.
Producers intend to harvest 470,000 acres in 2006, down 40,000 from last year.
All other hay yields are forecast at 2.70 tons per acre, this is up slightly from the 2005 average yield of 2.60 tons per acre. If realized, this yield would result in a total production of nearly 2 million tons.
Acreage for harvest is forecast at 740,000 acres, up 50,000 from last year.
Alfalfa acreage harvested for dry hay in the Keystone State is estimated at 520,000, up 10,000 acres from 2005. As of Aug. 1, yield is forecast at 3.20 tons per acre, up 0.6 ton per acre from last year.
The resulting production, at 1.7 million tons, is 25 percent more than last year.
All other hay acres harvested for dry hay in Pennsylvania is estimated at 1,130,000, up 40,000 acres from last year.
The expected yield as of Aug. 1 of 2.10 tons per acre is up 0.2 ton per acre from 2005. Total production, at 2.37 million tons, is 15 percent more than 2005.
Barley. Barley acreage for harvest, at 48,000, is 1,000 acres more than 2005 in Pennsylvania.
Barley yield is forecast at 75 bushels per acre, up 1 bushel per acre from the July 1 forecast, and up 3 bushels from a year ago.
Barley production is expected to be 3.60 million bushels, 6 percent above last year’s production.
Federal figures. Forecast yields across the Great Plains and western Corn Belt are at or below last year as scarce precipitation and above normal temperatures depleted soil moisture levels and caused crop conditions to decline.
Expected yields are generally higher than last year in the eastern corn Belt and Ohio Valley as frequent rainfall and near normal temperatures throughout much of the growing season helped maintain adequate moisture.
Soybean production is forecast at 2.93 billion bushels, down 5 percent from 2005, and down 6 percent from 2004. Based on Aug. 1 conditions, yields are expected to average 39.6 bushels per acre, down 3.7 bushels from the record high U.S. yield set last year.
Yields are lower than 2005 throughout the Great Plains, the western Corn Belt, and the Gulf Coast states, while yields are expected to remain unchanged or increase in the Ohio Valley, Arkansas, Missouri, and the Atlantic Coast states.
Area for harvest, at 73.9 million acres, remains unchanged from June, but is up 4 percent from 2005.
Small grains. The final winter wheat production forecast is 1.28 billion bushels, up slightly from last month, but 14 percent below 2005. Area harvested for grain totals 31.1 million acres, unchanged from last month, but down 8 percent from last year.
The U.S. yield is forecast at 41.2 bushels per acre, up 0.1 bushels from July 1.
Oat production for the 2006 crop year is forecast at 107 million bushels, 3 percent below the July 1 forecast, and 6 percent below last year’s 115 million bushels. If realized, this would be the lowest production on record.
The forecasted yield is 56.3 bushels per acre, down 1.6 bushels from July 1, and down 6.7 bushels from 2005. Growers expect to harvest 1.91 million acres for grain, up 5 percent from last year.
Hay sense. Production of alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures for dry hay is forecast at 71.2 million tons, down 6 percent from last year.
Yields are expected to average 3.18 tons per acre, down 0.20 ton from 2005. Harvested area is 22.4 million acres, unchanged from June, but up fractionally from last year.
Production forecast of all other dry hay for 2006 is 71.1 million tons, down 5 percent from 2005. Based on Aug. 1 conditions, yields are expected to average 1.77 tons per acre, down 0.14 ton from last year.
If realized, the yield would be the lowest since 1990.
Harvested area, at 40.3 million acres, is unchanged from June, but up 3 percent from the previous year.

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