Ohio, Pa., U.S. crop reports: Ohio’s major crops up 1 percent

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REYNOLDSBURG, Ohio – As of June 1, Ohio’s five major row crops accounted for slightly more than 10 million acres, up 1 percent from the 9.93 million acres of 2004.
Corn planted for all purposes is estimated at 3.45 million acres.
This is 100,000 acres more than was planted in 2004.
Harvest. Producers expect to harvest 3.22 million acres for grain, up 3.5 percent from the 3.11 million acres harvested in 2004.
Soybean planted acreage is estimated at 4.45 million acres, identical to what was planted in 2004.
Harvested acreage is forecast at 4.43 million acres, up 10,000 acres from the 4.42 million acres harvested in 2004.
Winter wheat planted acreage is estimated at 860,000 acres, down 60,000 acres from the previous year.
Acreage to be harvested for grain or seed is estimated at 830,000 acres compared to the 890,000 harvested in 2004.
Oats, barley, hay. Ohio farmers planted an estimated 70,000 acres of oats in 2005, up 5,000 acres from 2004.
Acreage harvested for grain is estimated at 60,000.
Ohio’s barley acreage is estimated at 6,000, up 1,000 acres from the previous crop year.
Total hay acreage is forecast at 1.24 million, up 4 percent from the previous year.
Burley tobacco acreage is forecast at 3,000 acres, down 2,600 acres from 2004. The elimination of the tobacco program in 2005 is the main reason for the acreage decline.

PENNSYLVANIA
Based on acreage planted by June 1 and intended acres that remained to be planted, Pennsylvania farmers expect to harvest more acres of soybeans, oats, winter wheat and tobacco.
Fewer acres of corn and sorghum for grain, barley and dry alfalfa hay are expected to be harvested according to the Pennsylvania office of the National Agricultural Statistics Service.
Other dry hay acreage is expected to be unchanged.
Corn, sorghum. Corn acreage planted for all purposes is estimated at 1.35 million, down 50,000 acres or 4 percent from last year.
Growers expect to harvest 880,000 acres of corn for grain, down 100,000 acres or 10 percent from a year ago.
Sorghum acreage planted for all purposes is estimated at 11,000 acres, down 1,000 acres from a year ago.
Growers expect to harvest 3,000 acres for grain, which is also down 1,000 acres from last year.
Soybean up. Soybean acreage planted is estimated at 460,000 acres, up 30,000 from last year. Four percent of this year’s soybean acres are expected to be planted following another harvested crop.
Soybean acreage for harvest is estimated at 450,000 acres for 2005, up 6 percent from the 425,000 acres harvested last year.
Oat acreage planted in 2005 is estimated at 140,000, up 10,000 acres or 8 percent from a year ago.
Growers expect to harvest 120,000 acres for grain, which is also up 10,000 acres from last year.
Winter wheat acreage to be harvested for grain is estimated at 160,000 acres, up 25,000 acres or 19 percent from last year.
Barley acreage for harvest, at 50,000, is down 5,000 acres or 9 percent from 2004.
Hay, tobacco. All acres for harvest of dry hay in 2005 are estimated at 1,660,000, down 40,000 acres or 2 percent from last year.
Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures for dry hay, at 500,000 acres, are down 40,000 acres or 7 percent from last year.
All other dry hay, at 1,160,000 acres, is unchanged from last year.
Tobacco acres for harvest increased 25 percent from a year ago with growers expecting to harvest 5,000 acres, compared to 4,000 acres last year.
Of these acres, 1,500 acres are expected to be Southern Maryland type 32 tobacco, 1,300 acres of Pennsylvania seedleaf cigar filler type 41 tobacco, and the remaining 2,200 acres expected to be light air-cured type 31 burley tobacco.

UNITED STATES
U.S. corn planted area for all purposes is estimated at 81.6 million acres, up 1 percent from 2004 and 4 percent above 2003.
Farmers increased corn plantings 179,000 acres from their March intentions.
Dry conditions during April and May provided favorable planting conditions across much of the Corn Belt, which allowed planting to progress well ahead of normal.
Similar conditions prevailed in the northern and southern Great Plains.
Soybean acreage. The 2005 U.S. soybean planted area is estimated at 73.3 million acres, down 3 percent from last year’s record high acreage.
Area for harvest, at 72.4 million acres, is down 2 percent from 2004.
The planted area is down 607,000 acres from the March Prospective Plantings report.
Area planted decreased or was unchanged from last year in most of the 31 major soybean producing states, while planted area in eight states increased, including Kansas, Missouri, and a new record-high soybean acreage in Nebraska.
Winter wheat. The 2005 U.S. winter wheat planted area, at 41.4 million acres, is 4 percent below last year and down less than 1 percent from the previous estimate.
Of this total, about 30.3 million acres are hard red winter, 6.5 million acres soft red winter, 0.8 million acres hard white winter, and 3.7 million acres soft white winter.
U.S. oats acres seeded for the 2005 crop year totaled 4.34 million acres, up 6 percent from last year’s planted area.
Growers expect to harvest 1.98 million acres for grain, up 10 percent from the 2004 harvested acreage of 1.79 million.
Barley, tobacco. For U.S. barley, growers seeded 3.97 million acres for 2005, down 12 percent from the 4.53 million acres seeded a year ago, and the lowest since barley planted acreage estimates began in 1926.
Acres for harvest, at 3.47 million, are down 14 percent from the 2004 level, and the lowest since 1890.
Total U.S. burley tobacco, at 107,600 acres, is down 30 percent from 2004 and 1 percent less than the March intentions.
Find out what’s stored
REYNOLDSBURG, Ohio – Corn stocks in all positions in Ohio on June 1 totaled 174 million bushels, 32 percent above the 131.4 million bushels stored on June 1, 2004.
Ohio soybean stocks in all positions on June 1 totaled 36.6 million bushels, up 92 percent from June 1, 2004.
Ohio’s all-wheat stocks totaled 29.9 million bushels, up nearly 9 percent from the previous year.
U.S. corn stocks in all positions June 1 totaled 4.32 billion bushels, up 45 percent from June 1, 2004. This is the highest June 1 stocks level since 1988.
U.S. soybeans stored in all positions June 1 totaled 700 million bushels, up 70 percent from June 1, 2004.
All wheat stored in all positions June 1 totaled 540 million bushels, down 1 percent from a year ago.

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