WASHINGTON — U.S. farmers produced the largest corn and soybean crops on record in 2009, according to the Crop Production 2009 Summary released Jan. 12 by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Agricultural Statistics Service.
Corn and beans. Corn production is 13.2 billion bushels, 1 percent above the previous record of 13 billion bushels set in 2007, and 9 percent higher than 2008.
Corn yields reached an all-time high in 2009 at 165.2 bushels per acre, eclipsing the previous record of 160.3 bushels per acre set in 2004. Planted area, at 86.5 million acres, is the second highest since 1949, behind 2007’s 93.5 million acres.
The 2009 soybean crop broke records for planted and harvested area as well as for yield and production. Soybean production totaled 3.36 billion bushels, up 13 percent from 2008 and up 5 percent from the previous record set in 2006. The average yield per acre is 44 bushels, up .9 bushels from the previous record set in 2005. Farmers nationwide planted a total of 77.5 million soybean acres and harvested 76.4 million acres in 2009, both up 2 percent from the previous record set last year.
NASS estimates 2009 rice production at 220 million hundredweight, up 8 percent from 2008. Planted area is up 5 percent from the previous year, to 3.14 million acres, while harvested area is up 4 percent to 3.1 million acres. The average yield for all U.S. rice is estimated at 7,085 pounds per acre, which is 239 pounds above the 2008 yield.
Grain sorghum production, at 383 million bushels, is down 19 percent from 2008. Sorghum yields, at 69.4 bushels per acre, are down 4.4 bushels from last year. Planted area totaled 6.63 million acres, the third lowest on record, while harvested area is 5.52 million acres, down 24 percent from 2008.
All cotton production is down 3 percent from the previous year, at 12.4 million 480-pound bales. Yield is estimated at 774 pounds per acre for 2009, down 39 pounds from last year. Harvested area, at 7.69 million acres, is up 2 percent from 2008.
The full Crop Production 2009 Summary is available online at www.nass.usda.gov. The report contains year-end acreage, yield and production estimates for grains and hay; oilseeds; cotton, tobacco and sugar; dry beans, peas and lentils; and potatoes and miscellaneous crops.
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