UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa. — With spotted lanternfly egg-hatch season looming, homeowners in many Pennsylvania communities are bracing themselves for the arrival of the troublemaker and its never-ending appetite for the sap of grapevines, hardwoods and ornamentals.
Given that the pest has made inroads into Cambria, Cameron, Franklin, Lackawanna, Montour, Pike, Wayne and Westmoreland counties — prompting the state department of agriculture to expand its spotted lanternfly quarantine zone to 34 counties — this might be the most challenging season yet, said Emelie Swackhamer, a horticulture educator with Penn State Extension.
“Spotted lanternfly continues to be a problem where it is established, and residents in some new areas will see them for the first time this year,” said Swackhamer, who has been on the front lines of the spotted lanternfly battle since the pest first was found in Berks County in 2014.
One of the ways property owners can reduce infestations on their properties is by placing traps on trees. Spotted lanternfly nymphs, which will emerge from egg cases over the next several weeks, crawl up tree trunks to feed higher on the tree, and traps can intercept them. Traps are easy to install, and they can capture large numbers of nymphs, Swackhamer said.
“Traps are most effective during ‘nymph season,’ which is April through July,” she said. “While adults also can be captured by tree traps, they may avoid the traps, resulting in less effectiveness later in the season.”
An effective type of trap is the circle trap, a funnel-style device that wraps around a tree trunk. Spotted lanternfly nymphs and adults are guided into a container — usually a plastic jug or bag — at the top of the funnel as they move upward to feed on the tree.
These traps work best on trees with smooth bark, Swackhamer explained, because bark with deep grooves may allow lanternflies to crawl underneath the trap.
Circle traps can be purchased commercially or can be a do-it-yourself project, using a plastic bag or a jar. Information on how to build one can be found on the Penn State Extension website at extension.psu.edu/how-to-build-a-new-style-spotted-lanternfly-circle-trap.
“Some people have built similar traps, devising a range of methods that work,” Swackhamer said. “Building these traps is a good project for anyone who wants to destroy spotted lanternflies while saving money by using materials they already have on hand.”
Circle traps are favored over the use of “sticky” bands on trees, she pointed out, because adhesive material is not selective and can capture other animals, including pollinators such as bees and butterflies, birds, squirrels and other species.
“Though circle traps also can catch nontarget species, the potential is significantly lower than the use of sticky bands,” she said. “If property owners still decide to use adhesive tape, they should cover it with a wildlife barrier, such as window screening, and monitor traps frequently.”
The anticipated arrival of Brood X periodical cicadas this season has prompted questions about the potential for these occasional visitors to become causalities in the battle between citizens and the spotted lanternfly.
“We have not had the opportunity to see what will happen when cicadas encounter circle traps, so we do not know,” Swackhamer said. “Because cicada nymphs crawl up trees, just like spotted lanternflies, I wouldn’t be surprised if some cicadas wind up in circle traps.”
Still, she does not believe circle traps will significantly impact cicada procreation and survival for several reasons, most notably because the considerable number of cicadas that emerge give them, collectively, some insurance against loss from predation or other pitfalls. In addition, cicadas thrive in large, forested areas where few circle traps are placed.
For those who want to ensure they do not catch cicadas, Swackhamer advises removing circle traps for a few days after the once-in-17-years visitors make their debut.
“Cicadas’ tree-crawling behavior happens for a short time after they emerge,” she said. “After that, circle traps can be put back up for the rest of lanternfly-trapping season.”
Stopping the spread
Finally, Swackhamer asks all citizens to help stop the spotted lanternfly’s spread by checking their vehicles carefully — undercarriages, windshield wipers, wheel wells, luggage racks and such — for spotted lanternflies and egg masses before traveling in and out of the quarantined counties.
The state department of agriculture also advises people traveling within the quarantine zone to keep a spotted lanternfly checklist in their vehicles. By signing the checklist, residents are indicating that they have inspected their vehicles for the presence of the spotted lanternfly and have removed any they found.
For the latest information about the spotted lanternfly, the state-imposed quarantine in Pennsylvania, management techniques and how to report a sighting, visit the Penn State Extension website at extension.psu.edu/spotted-lanternfly or the state department of agriculture website at agriculture.pa.gov.
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