Showing off: Bird breeders pick peacocks


REEDSVILLE, Ohio – Waking to loud, eerie peacock screams is not the way most of us would like to start our day, but Barbara Baker doesn’t mind. In fact, she barely notices.
Including bobwhite quail and seven breeds of peacock, Baker and her husband Larry raise over 5,000 exotic and game birds on their 100-acre farm in Reedsville, Ohio.
The couple became interested in exotic birds when a friend who raises peacocks gave them one as a gift.
“We thought the bird was just beautiful,” Baker said. “So we decided to start raising them and that led to buying more exotic birds.”
Male peacocks in full plumage are among the most beautiful pheasants in the world and their tail feathers can create a wingspan of up to 10 feet. Breeding the gorgeous peacock is easy, but caring for them is labor intensive.
Baker spends her nights cleaning university buildings and her days caring for the birds, which are housed in kennels.
“We have one peacock for every three peahens,” she explained. “During breeding season, which is March through April, they holler as part of their courting routine. And they can holler for days! You get used to it.”
Normally, the birds like peace and harmony, but breeding males become combative. While keeping younger males at bay, the peacock fans and shivers his tail feathers in front of the peahens.
He’s showing off because peahens choose mates based on the number of ocelli, or eyespots, on the tail feathers. But breeders don’t let the hens choose their mates.
“One year we had a pair that never produced fertile eggs,” Baker chuckled. “The peahen saw a more attractive male in a different pen and wouldn’t let the male in her pen breed her. Now we only let the females see the peacock that’s in the pen with them.”
During breeding season, peahens lay one egg every other day. The eggs need to be gathered, placed in an incubator and monitored. Two days before they’re due to hatch, the eggs are transferred to a hatcher.
Once the eggs have hatched, the Bakers raise the birds and then sell them as yearlings to other breeders, and the cycle begins again.
If raising exotic birds sounds interesting to you, Barb Baker would be happy to help you get started. Send her an e-mail at


Up-to-date agriculture news in your inbox!