The GIPSA watchdog better bite


Who is J. Dudley Butler and why are meatpackers and their allies saying nasty things about the courtly, 61-year-old from Yazoo County, Miss.?

The short answer is that Butler is the new administrator of the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration (GIPSA). That makes him the watchdog over Big Meat and their apologists — or, as Iowa Republican Senator Charles Grassley more accurately tags them, “the packer lackeys.”

Another answer Butler gave himself to a luncheon crowd at the Organization for Competitive Markets (OCM) annual meeting in St. Louis Aug. 7 is that he’s in Washington to work “and to enforce the Packers and Stockyards Act.”

That’s tall talk from a diminutive country lawyer; most GIPSA chiefs never read the P&S Act, let alone enforce it.

But, as is said in the Mississippi Delta where Butler grew up and still owns a farm, it ain’t a brag if you’ve done it.

And he has. Butler often testified to Congress on livestock issues — especially on how the Meat Gang’s market concentration has led to enormous market power — and served on the task force to develop Mandatory Price Reporting, the 1999 law that shined some light into packers’ dark closets.

Given that background, the meat grapevine rattled when Secretary of Agriculture Tom Vilsack named Butler GIPSA boss May 11.


One of those rattled was Steve Cornett, the former full-time editor of Farm Journal’s Beef Today and now a part-time packer defender.

Cornett, usually pictured wearing a white hat, called Butler an “anti-corporate activist,” a cattle “outsider,” and — Grab the kids and run for the cellar! — a “trial lawyer.”

Sticks and stones thrown, Cornett continued his May 20 blog posting by noting, “My concern is that Mr. Butler use (sic) all his new power to attack causes rather than symptoms. My concern with the approach of OCM… is that they want to approach beef consolidation as if it were occurring in a vacuum… It’s not.”


First, startling insight that is not and, second, with giant packers sucking the air out of the industry — and mostly through GIPSA’s decades of neglect — the cattle business is as close to the completely airless poultry industry and rapidly-suffocating hog industry as it’s ever been.

According to data released by the General Accountability Office June 30, the number of U.S. farms with cattle and calves declined 352,000 in the years 1987 to 2007, from 1.15 million to 798,290.

More importantly, reports GAO, “the fewest number of farms accounting for 50 percent of the sales” in cattle plunged by over 60 percent during the same period.

Only 2,862 farms today account for more than half of all cattle sales in the U.S. In 1987, it took 7,471 farms to reach that tipping point.

Worse, the July USDA Cattle on Feed report shows the U.S. cattle inventory at a 36-year low, just 94.5 million head today, even as cattle producers suffer through one their biggest, longest blood-lettings in a decade.

In short, the packer-led market model that has cut the cattle sector to its smallest size in nearly 40 years, concentrated ownership in its fewest hands ever and now has ranchers and feeders adrift on a rising sea of their own blood is the model the lackeys want to keep?

Better move

A more sustainable move would be for them to back Butler so he receives the political support he needs to enforce the P&S Act.

If they don’t, however, two things are certain to happen very quickly. First, Butler will be back in Mississippi inside two years and, second, the lackeys will be out of business shortly thereafter.

2009 ag comm


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Alan Guebert was raised on an 800-acre, 100-cow southern Illinois dairy farm. After graduation from the University of Illinois in 1980, he served as a writer and editor at Professional Farmers of America, Successful Farming magazine and Farm Journal magazine. His syndicated agricultural column, The Farm and Food File, began in June, 1993, and now appears weekly in more than 70 publications throughout the U.S. and Canada. He and spouse Catherine, a social worker, have two adult children.



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