# European baking: Metric to standard conversion charts

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Many of the baked goods we enjoy making during the holidays and treating ourselves to when we go out to eat originated in Europe. The biscotti we dunk in our coffee came from Italy. The kuchen we remember our grandmothers making came from Germany. Macarons are French. Mascarpone is Italian. Trifles are English.

If you look up European recipes online, you’ll notice that measurements are almost always given in grams and milliliters. If you’re not a metric units whiz, or if you don’t have a kitchen scale, this can be confusing. How do you know how much flour to purchase or how much sugar to set aside? And what’s that conversion for Celsius to Fahrenheit that you learned in junior high?

Below you’ll find metric-to-standard conversion charts for liquid and dry ingredients, as well as conversions for common baking temperatures and pan sizes. Reference them during your next European baking experiment.

Note: If your recipe indicates a specific metric measurement that’s different from the following charts, follow your recipe. The following measures are rounded up or down for ease of measuring.

### Metric to standard dry ingredients conversion chart

Metric measurements vary for different dry ingredients. ¼ cup of all-purpose flour equals 32 grams, but ¼ cup granulated white sugar equals 50 grams. AllRecipes offers metric-to-standard conversion charts for many common dry ingredients.

### Metric to standard liquid ingredient conversion chart

Metric measurements differ slightly for liquids and liquid solids:

 Metric for liquid solids (butter) Metric for liquids (milk) Standard 1 mL 1 mL 1/4 tsp. 2 mL 2 mL 1/2 tsp. 5 mL 5 mL 1 tsp. 14 mL 15 mL 1 Tbsp. (3 tsp.) 28 mL 30 mL 1/8 cup 57 mL 60 mL 1/4 cup 76 mL 80 mL 1/3 cup 113 mL 120 mL 1/2 cup 152 mL 160 mL 2/3 cup 171 mL 180 mL 3/4 cup 227 mL 240 mL 1 cup 454 mL 480 mL 1 pint 908 mL 960 mL 1 quart

### Metric to standard pan conversion chart

Pan sizes for European recipes may be given in centimeters instead of inches. Here are the equivalents for some common baking pans:

 Metric Pan Sizes Standard Pan Sizes 33 x 23 x 5 cm 13 x 9 x 2 inch pan 20 x 20 x 5 cm 8 x 8 x 2 inch square pan 23 x 23 x 5 cm 9 x 9 x 2 inch square pan 20 x 4 cm 8 x 1.5-inch round pan 23 x 4 cm 9 x 1.5-inch round pan 20 cm 8-inch pie pan 23 cm 9-inch pie pan 25 cm 10-inch pie pan 23 x 13 x 6 cm 9 x 5 x 3-inch loaf pan

### Metric to standard temperature conversion chart

European recipes usually give oven temperatures in Celsius.

 Celsius Gas Mark Fahrenheit 160 C 3 325 F 180 C 4 350 F 190 C 5 375 F 200 C 6 400 F 220 C 7 425 F 230 C 8 450 F

And here’s a reference for basic water temperatures that you may need for certain recipes:

 Celsius Fahrenheit Water Freezes 0 C 32 F Room Temperature 20 C 68 F Water Boils 100 C 212 F

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Katie Woods grew up in Columbiana, Ohio. Katie likes reading, writing, enjoying the outdoors and DIY projects.