I had a discussion last week with a farm family that is working through the complexities of transitioning their successful business to the next generation. During our discussion, we talked about the importance of involving family members in the process.
Meeting as a family on a regular basis to discuss the present and future direction of your farm can be beneficial. There are many excuses for not holding regular meetings, including the following, and I’m sure you can think of others:
“I’m too busy.”
“We’ll start after the corn is planted and the hay is made.”
“We tried them before, and they didn’t work.”
“We’ve never needed them before.”
“We all get along.”
“Why should I care what my son-in-law or daughter-in-law thinks about the farm?”
While not always easy, these meetings can be beneficial. Let’s look at what a family business meeting is, and how you can make them successful for you and everyone involved.
What is a family business meeting?
There is no one definition that is applicable to all families, but in its simplest form, a family business meeting is an opportunity for members to come together on a regular basis to discuss issues of interest to those family members involved in or who have an interest in the business.
These meetings are not for discussing which field to be planted today or which cows to breed, but rather to determine long-term plans for the operation and management of the business. Some families will hold these meetings as little as once or twice a year, while others choose to meet on a more regular basis.
Preparing and conducting the meeting
An agenda is one of the most important items to develop as you plan a family meeting. The agenda lets people know the starting and ending time of the meeting, location and date and allows members to know what will be discussed. The agenda should be distributed to all family members one week prior to the scheduled meeting. Someone needs to take notes of the discussion, and these meeting minutes need to be distributed to each member.
Questions often arise about where to hold family business meetings. Some families prefer to go to a hotel or a state park lodge for a relaxed atmosphere. This is advantageous because it puts people in a different environment, minimizes distractions and allows families to spend time at the pool or visiting local attractions. It isn’t always practical for family members to get away, but when planning a family business meeting attempt to minimize phone calls and visitors and make the location as comfortable as possible.
Strengthening the family
Family meetings can give individual family members an opportunity to develop their leadership, conflict management, listening, speaking, and management skills. These meetings can help members understand their role in the successful transition of the business and develop strategic, capital, estate or transition planning knowledge.
Meeting together as a family on a regular basis can help members work together for the success of the business. Throughout the process, members will learn a lot about themselves and the business. Although conflicts will still arise, the purpose of these meetings is not to focus on the conflict, but rather to focus on building a stronger family team through open and honest discussion.
Too often, if at all, family meetings happen because of some abrupt change like the death of the senior manager. Issues faced at this time may not be handled well if family members have not been previously involved in planning the future of the business.
Family meetings can help answer questions about the present owners’ financial retirement needs and goals along with those of the next generation. Members who have been involved early on and are informed of the discussions are more likely to buy in to the transition plan. Transition can be a difficult process for many families, especially when spouses are involved, or children are not actively involved in the business but have their own ideas about the future of the business.
Which family members should be involved? Are in-laws invited and encouraged to be involved in discussions? What if there are conflicting goals among family members? What if a family member doesn’t have the ability to successfully manage the business? The earlier you begin holding effective family meetings, the sooner you can avoid potential conflicts.
Allowing young children to be involved in discussions helps them to better understand the business and decide what future they have in the business. Involving children also helps parents determine the commitment their children have to the business before making plans for expansion or other changes.
Unless it is clearly obvious and communicated openly who the next manager of the business will be, some members may question how and why the decision was made. Family meetings provide a way to communicate how the process was done and why and how the decisions were made. Explaining that the process was carefully and objectively conducted with a clear plan in place can go a long way in avoiding hard feelings or misunderstandings.
Family meetings can also send a message to members that the new successor will be accountable to the family business. Family meetings may be useful if there is no obvious family successor. In this situation, family meetings can serve to develop alternatives such as naming a non-family successor or liquidating the business.
Recognizing and resolving conflict
It is no surprise that conflicts arise in every family business. If disputes over the future of the business — which family members are involved in the process, family members’ roles in management, or other issues are allowed to multiply — they can only divide a family and do nothing for the long-term success of the business.
The key to resolving conflict is to acknowledge it early on in the process and realize it is normal. If you are dealing with a particular issue that may cause real conflict, the use of an outside, objective facilitator may be helpful.
The business management process is one that should not happen overnight. The use of family business meetings can be a good way to help members transition smoothly into management roles. In addition, family business meetings can help improve relations, communicate a positive message to employees and build a stronger business.
For additional information, see OSU Extension Fact Sheet “Conducting Successful Family Business Transition Meeting,” ANR-43, available at: https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/anr-43.
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