USDA grain stocks report: Ohio has the lowest corn carryover since 1997


WASHINGTON — USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) reported Sept. 30 that on Sept. 1, there were 824 million bushels of old crop corn and 141 million bushels of old crop soybeans in storage.

Corn and soybean stocks stored in all positions were down 17 percent from 2012, according to the quarterly Grain Stocks report.

On Sept. 1, there were 275 million bushels of corn stored on farms and 549 stored off the farm, down 12 and 19 percent from the prior year, respectively.

The U.S. corn disappearance totaled 1.94 billion bushels during June-August, down from 2.16 billion bushels during the same period last year.


NASS reported that as of Sept. 1, there were 39.6 million bushels of soybeans stored on the farm, up 3 percent from 2012, and 101 million bushels off the farm, down 23 percent from last September.

The U.S. soybean disappearance during June-August totaled 294 million bushels, down 41 percent from the same period last year.

Ohio’s numbers

Ohio corn stocks totaled 24.4 million bushels, 42 percent lower than a year earlier, and the lowest corn carryover in Ohio since September 1997, according to Cheryl Turner, state statistician, Ohio office of USDA, NASS.

About 34 percent of the corn was stored on farms.

The fourth quarter disappearance was 105.2 million bushels, compared with 93.9 million bushels a year earlier.

Soybean stocks on Sept. 1, 2013, were 5.4 million bushels, 53 percent lower than stocks a year earlier.

The fourth quarter indicated disappearance was 28.6 million bushels, compared with 36.4 million bushels during the same period in 2012. Farm stocks of soybeans were 1.0 million bushels.

Wheat stocks on Sept. 1, 2013, were 57.1 million bushels, 21 percent below a year ago. Approximately 94 percent of wheat stocks were in commercial storage.

Small grains

In addition to releasing the Grain Stocks report, NASS also released the Small Grains 2013 Summary, which included the final tallies for U.S. wheat, oats and other small grains.

According to the report, in 2013 U.S. small grain farmers in some parts of the country were challenged with adverse weather conditions causing delays in planting and harvesting.

NASS reported growers harvested 45.2 million acres of wheat this year, down 8 percent from 2012.

The levels of production and changes from 2012 by type are winter wheat, 1.53 billion bushels, down 7 percent; other spring wheat, 532 million bushels, down 2 percent; and Durum wheat, 61.5 million bushels, down 26 percent.

Oat production is estimated at 66.0 million bushels, up 3 percent from 2012 but the third lowest production on record, according to NASS.

Harvested area, at 1.03 million acres, is slightly below last year and is the second lowest acreage harvested for grain on record.

Due to delays in this year’s harvest, NASS will re-survey small grain growers in Montana and North Dakota. When producers were surveyed in September, there was significant unharvested acreage in these two states.


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