Warm weather makes calving season pleasant


I love calving season each year, but this one will be hard to beat. I used to do this in the winter on my northeast Kansas farm, starting in February.

Heifers were due on pasture leases the first of May, so the family consensus was that we could not wait much more than a week for synchronized artificial insemination (AI) in early May.

There’s been no real change in the breeding date over the last 20 years, but winter here has retreated. This year, the short month was so mild we didn’t exaggerate to call it spring calving.

Healthy calves

As one result, we calved the first quarter of our herd a month before the first day of spring with no losses. Our calves should be the healthiest ever.

Each was up and nursing within minutes, getting a full dose of immunizing colostrum and then dozing in comfort.

I have to think back 36 years to my first calving season here with a couple dozen registered Continental cows. Winter was an obvious challenge in February and March, and even mature cows could have problems.

We watched them all, helping when necessary, and couldn’t wait to see each new calf as soon as possible.

Did I want “a boy or a girl?” It didn’t matter then because one could become a sale bull and the other could build the herd. I didn’t know how much culling and wholesale herd changing lay ahead, mostly in search of calving ease and lower-input cows.

Wanted steers

As the cattle cycle turned and the family grew, we were running a random-quality, mostly black herd. I wanted male calves because steers weighed more and brought more money per pound.

With the start of AI in this commercial herd — first heifers and then the better half of cows 15 years ago — I always felt more elation from early-born heifers than bulls that would become steers on day one.

I learned from the steers though, as their gain and carcass data came back to sire groups, cows and keep-or-cull decisions. The whole idea behind AI was faster genetic improvement, so heifer calves were the most welcome.

There were exceptions, of course. Some bred heifers were kept only to see if a very docile sire could tame some of the too-hot maternal fire in otherwise productive cow families.

Sometimes it worked, and sometimes it didn’t. After all this time, we are finally ending those trials and no longer giving the chance to scions of questionable disposition lines.


It’s a good feeling to get disposition more nearly under control. There are still a few proddy old cows, some that could win an Oscar for attempted assault, but given a decade of chances, they have always stopped short of trying to hurt anyone tagging their calves.

There are a few that grow suspicious as they get old and become too smart to fall for the traps management requires.

If they have to be escorted in as singles, they’ll have to leave the farm. For the most part, when docility is even and adequate, I can be just as happy to have a steer for the feedlot and premium beef production as to raise a potential replacement heifer backed by the decades of focus and culling toward an ideal.

Since calf sex is still random here, that brings peace of mind.


Up-to-date agriculture news in your inbox!



We are glad you have chosen to leave a comment. Please keep in mind that comments are moderated according to our comment policy.

Receive emails as this discussion progresses.