10 components of an irrigation system

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irrigation

1Water source
This could be a well, irrigation pond, irrigation ditch, river, etc.

2Pump
Depending on location and volume/pressure requirements, this can vary.

3Backflow prevention
This prevents any foreign material, fertilizer or contaminants from flowing back into the water source.

4Pressure regulator
Depending on the type of emitters, the pressure that this device regulates to can vary widely. This not only reduces the pressure, but can work to keep pressure consistent.

5Filter
There are varying types of filters, but all serve to remove particulates from the water that could plug emitters.

6Injector
These are used to apply water-soluble fertilizers through the irrigation kit.

7Adapters
These vary, but are used to connect various different types of equipment and irrigation lines.

8Distribution lines
These move water from the water source to the location of application.

9Submain lines/headers
These water lines enter the field and distribute water to the emitters.

10Emitters
Drip tape or overhead sprinklers apply the water to the crop.

Next Week: Choosing an irrigation system.

Source: Irrigation considerations for the small vegetable farm, Michigan State Extension.

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